Krav Maga


Krav-Maga = "close contact" is an eclectic self-defense and military hand-to-hand combat system developed in Israel, which assumes no quarter, and emphasizes maximum threat neutralization in a "real life" context. It came to prominence following its adoption by various Israeli Security Forces.

Training - Basic principles

In Krav Maga, there are no hard-and-fast rules, and no distinction in training for men and women. It is not a sport, and there are no specific uniforms, attire or competitions, although some organisations recognise progress through training with rank badges. All the techniques focus on maximum efficiency in real-life conditions. Krav Maga generally assumes a no quarter situation; the attacks and defenses are intended for potentially lethal threat situations, and aim to neutralize these and escape via maximum pain or damage to opponents, as rapidly and safely as possible. Crippling attacks to vulnerable body parts, including groin and eye strikes, headbutts, and other efficient and potentially brutal attacks, improvised use of any objects available, and maximizing personal safety in a fight, are emphasized. However, it must be stressed that instructors can and do demonstrate how to moderate the techniques to fit the circumstances. While no limits are placed on techniques to be used in life-threatening situations, the legal need to inflict the appropriate minimal damage in other circumstances is recognised and stressed
The guiding principles for those performing Krav Maga techniques are
•Neutralize the threat
•Avoid injury
•Go from defending to attacking as quickly as possible
•Use the body's natural reflexes
•Strike at any vulnerable point
•Use any tool or object nearb

According to a description written for the self-publication media site Associated Content, the basic premises of Krav Maga are

•You're not going to care how much damage you're going to cause
•Cause as much damage as possible and run
•Do not try to prolong a fight. Do what needs to be done and escape
Again, this must be read in the context of a life-threatening situation, either to oneself or one's immediate family, for instance. Instructors will constantly stress the need, in less extreme circumstances, to match the response to the danger or risk

The basic idea is to deal first with the immediate threat (being choked, for example), prevent the attacker from re-attacking, and then neutralize the attacker, proceeding through all steps in a methodical manner, despite the rush of adrenaline that occurs in such an attack. The emphasis is put on taking the initiative from the attacker as soon as possible. Indeed, some circumstances may require pre-emptive action, which may or may not be violent. Options here could range from "get your retaliation in first" to situational awareness (also part of the training) that might avoid a dangerous situation developing

 Techniques

Although Krav Maga shares many techniques with other martial arts, such as wing chun, eskrima, aikido, boxing, judo, jujutsu, karate, kobudo, muay thai, savate or wrestling, the training is often quite different. It stresses fighting under worst-case conditions or from disadvantaged positions (for example, against several opponents, when protecting someone else, with one arm unusable, when dizzy, against armed opponents). Unlike Karate there are no predefined sequences of moves or choreographed styles; instead Krav Maga emphasizes rapid learning and the retzef ("continuous combat motion"), with the sole imperative being effectiveness, for either attack or defensive situations

Krav maga instructors emphasize two training rules: (1) there are no rules in a fight and (2) one must not injure oneself or one's partner when training. Training is an intense mixed aerobic and anaerobic workout, relying heavily on the use of pads in order to experience both delivery and defense of strikes at full force. This is important because it allows the student to practice the technique at full strength, and the student holding the pad learns a little of the impact they would feel when they get hit. It can be almost as taxing to hold a pad as to practice against one. Students will also wear head guards, gum shields, groin protectors, shin and forearm guards, etc during practise of attack/defence techniques, so that a realistic level of violence may be used without injury. Some schools incorporate "Strike and Fight," which consists of full-contact sparring intended to familiarize the student with the stresses of a violent situation

Training may employ a speaker system blasting loud music, stroboscope and/or fog machine, meant to train the student to ignore peripheral distractions and focus on the needs of the situation. Other training methods to increase realism might include exercising the student to near exhaustion before having to defend, training outdoors on a variety of surfaces and restrictive situations, wearing a blindfold before being attacked, etc. The whole emphasis is on simulating real fight/attack situations as realistically as possible within the safety limitations of training

Training will usually also cover situational awareness, to develop an understanding of one's surroundings and potentially threatening circumstances before an attack is launched. It might also cover "Self Protection": ways to deal with situations which could end in fights, and physical and verbal methods to avoid violence whenever possible

A typical Krav Maga session in a civilian school is about an hour long and mixes conditioning with self-defense teaching. As levels increase, the instructors focus a little more on complicated and less common types of attacks, such as knife attacks, hostage situations and defense under extreme duress. First, the instructor will run a very intense drill to get the class's heart rates up. Then, after stretching, the instructor will teach two or three self-defense techniques. In the beginning the techniques will either be combatives (punches, hammer-fists, elbows, and knees ) or grappling (breaking out of chokes or wrist-grabs, getting out from under an opponent while on one's back). After that, the class usually moves to a drill that combines the techniques just taught with an aerobic technique. Finally, there is the final drill intended to burn out the students. Depending on the class - and on the instructor's mood - this drill may be at the very beginning or at the end of the class



MOSSAD
 
Israeli t shirt MOSSAD
 
 
The Mossad - HaMossad leModi'in uleTafkidim Meyuhadim ‎ - Institute for Intelligence and Special Operations ), is the national intelligence agency of the State of Israel

The Mossad is responsible for intelligence collection, counter-terrorism, covert operations such as paramilitary activities, and the facilitation of aliyah where it is banned. It is one of the main Intelligence Community entities in Israel (along with Aman (military intelligence) and Shin Bet (internal security), but its director reports directly to the Prime Minister. Its role and function is similar to that of the Central Intelligence Agency, the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6), the Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS) and the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIS) in their respective countries

History

The Mossad was formed on December 13, 1949 as the "Central Institute for Coordination", at the recommendation of Reuven Shiloah to Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion. Shiloah wanted a central body to coordinate and improve cooperation between the existing security services - the army's intelligence department (AMAN), the General Security Service (GSS or "Shin Bet") and the foreign office's "political department". In March 1951, it was reorganized and made a part of the prime minister's office, reporting directly to the prime minister. Its current staff is estimated at 1,200

Mossad's former motto:  "For by wise counsel thou shalt make thy war." - Proverbs XXIV,6 is commonly misquoted "By way of deception thou shalt make war", which is the title of a book by Victor Ostrovsky critical of the organization

The motto was changed recently as part of the Mossad's public 'coming out' to another Proverbs passage:  "Where no counsel is, the people fall, but in the multitude of counselors there is safety." - Proverbs XI, 14)

 Structure

From its headquarters in the Israeli city of Tel Aviv, the Mossad oversees a staff estimated at 1200 personnel, although it may have numbered up to 2000 in the late 1980s. The Mossad is a civilian service, and does not use military ranks, although most of its staff have served in the Israel Defense Forces  as part of Israel's compulsory draft system, and many of them are officers. It is assumed to consist of eight different departments

The largest is Collections, tasked with many aspects of conducting espionage overseas. Employees in the Collections Department operate under a variety of covers, including diplomatic and unofficial. Their field intelligence officers, called katsas, are similar to case officers of the CIA. Thirty to forty operate at a time, mainly in Europe and the Middle East

The Political Action and Liaison Department is responsible for working both with allied foreign intelligence services, and with nations that have no normal diplomatic relations with Israel
Among the departments of the Mossad is the Special Operations Division or '"Metsada", which is involved in paramilitary operations, sabotage, and psychological warfare

Psychological warfare is also a concern of the Lochamah Psichologit Department, which conducts propaganda and deception activities as well.
Additionally, the Mossad has a Research Department, tasked with intelligence production, and a Technology Department concerned with the development of tools for Mossad activities



ISRAELI AIR FORCE - IAF

   Air Force t-shirt 1019
 

The Israeli Air Force (IAF; Hebrew: זרוע האויר והחלל, Zroa HaAvir VeHaḤalal, "Air and Space Arm", commonly known as חיל האוויר Hel HaAvir, "Air Corps") is the air force of the Israel Defense Forces. The current Commander in Chief is Aluf Elyezer Shkedy. It has approximately 1000 aircraft

History

Early years (1948-1957)
The IAF was formed when Israel declared statehood in 1948 and found itself under immediate attack. Its predecessor, Sherut Avir, was the air wing of the Haganah. The IAF's humble beginnings made its first air victories particularly impressive and noteworthy; at first, it was assembled from a hodge-podge collection of civilian aircraft commandeered or donated and converted to military use. A variety of obsolete and surplus ex-World War II (mostly Ex-Luftwaffe) combat aircraft were quickly sourced by various means to supplement this fleet. The backbone of the IAF consisted of 25 Avia S-199 (purchased from Czechoslovakia, and essentially Czechoslovak-built Messerschmitt Bf 109s) and 62 Spitfire LF Mk IXE. Creativity and resourcefulness were the early foundations of Israeli military success in the air, rather than technology (which, at the inception of the IAF, was generally inferior to that used by Israel's adversaries)

During the 1950s, France became a major supplier of warplanes to Israel, but the trust between the two countries was violated just before the Six-Day War, when France declared an arms embargo on Israel. This had a two-pronged effect: Israel Aircraft Industries (IAI) significantly increased its efforts and abilities in weapons production (initially based on the French models) and the United States replaced France as Israel's principal military-aircraft supplier, producing the majority of the IAF combat fighters from the late 1960s until today

Records and highlights

The Israeli Air Force is considered the strongest air force in the Middle East, and one of the best and most sophisticated in the world. Over the past few decades Israel has purchased sophisticated American fighters and installed on them its locally developed and produced avionics and weapons. Perhaps the greatest strength of the IAF is the skill of its pilots. Israeli combat pilots are considered among the best in the world, and hold a large number of shoot-down records. The IAF relies on its Air Intelligence Directorate for intelligence, including analysis of aerial photography. Many of the IAF's electronics and weapons systems are developed and built in Israel by Israel Military Industries,  Israel Aerospace Industries,  Elbit and others

The IAF holds world records respective to the amounts of enemy warplanes shoot-downs, air combat performance, special operations, and air to ground operations from the jet era onward

 The insignia of the Israeli Air Force is a blue Star of David on a white circle. This is usually painted in six positions - on the top and bottom of each wing, and each side of the fuselage. Squadron markings are usually carried on the tail fin
    


PARATROOPERS BRIGADE

 

The Paratroopers Brigade (חטיבת הצנחנים, Hativat HaTzanhanim) is a unit of paratroopers within the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) it's part of central command. It has a history of carrying out special forces-style missions dating back to the 1950s. It is currently involved primarily in counter terror operations within the West Bank
The brigade was created at the mid 1950's when the commando Unit 101 was merged with Battalion 890 (the IDF's Airborne Commando unit) in order to form an elite infantry brigade. The new unit was equipped with the IMI Uzi submachine gun as their primary weapon as it provided light and small automatic fire - essential properties for recon units and commandos

The goals in creating the Paratroopers Brigade were

To have an elite infantry force 
To innovate and improve fighting skills within other infantry units
To raise the next generation of military commanders and officers
The first commander of the Paratroopers Brigade was Ariel Sharon

The Paratroopers Brigade has had only one operational combat parachute drop, during the 1956 Sinai War. In the Six Day War (1967) the Paratroopers Brigade took part in the capturing of Jerusalem together with the Jerusalem Brigade, Harel Brigade and armor support. The Paratroopers were the ones to capture the Western Wall and the Temple Mount- a moment that is considered as "historic" and the "highlight of this war" by the majority of the Israeli public, mainly due to the sacredness of these places to the Jewish people

In the following years, the brigade was the source for many Israeli Chiefs of Staff, including Shaul Mofaz and Moshe Ya'alon


The 35th (Paratrooper) Brigade consists of three regular battalions, each carrying the name of a venomous snake. The 101st commemorates Unit 101 and is the Brigade's 1st Battalion. The 202nd is the Brigade's 2nd Battalion and was numbered to keep it in line with the 101st. The 890th kept its original unit numbering but is the Brigade's 3rd Battalion. A Yahsar ("Special Troops Battalion") designated Yahsar Tzanchanim ("Airborne Special Troops Battalion") is under the direct command of the brigade headquarters

Serving in the brigade is voluntary and requires passing different arduous physical and mental tests. The IDF has three reservist Paratrooper brigades at any given time, consisting of personnel who served their mandatory service in the brigade, and whom are mostly in their twenties (aside from officers). These are most likely the most highly-trained reservist brigades in the IDF

Soldiers of the Paratroopers Brigade are distinguished by their maroon beret, paratrooper wings, reddish-brown leather boots and the paratroopers service dress (Yerkit), which is slightly different from the regular ground forces service dress
 
Units
(Paratrooper units are named after snakes.)

•101st "Cobra" Airborne Battalion
•202nd "Viper" Airborne Battalion
•890th "Echis" Airborne Battalion
•"Flying Serpent" Special Troops Battalion
•"Naja" Anti-Tank Company
•"Coluber" Engineer Company
•5173rd "Taipan" Reconnaissance Company
•"Eryx" Signal Company



ISRAELI NAVY FORCES

IDF Israeli Navy t-shirt 1009

The Israeli Sea Corps (Hebrew: חיל הים הישראלי) is the naval arm of the Israel Defense Forces, operating primarily in the Mediterranean Sea in the west and to the Gulf of Eilat, Red Sea, and Gulf of Suez in the south. The Sea Corps current commander is Aluf Eli Marom

Bases

•Haifa base - the Missile Boats Flotilla, the Submarine Flotilla, Patrol Boats Unit 914
The symbol of the Haifa base is two arrows - one signifying the Missile Boats Flotilla and the other the Submarine Flotilla
•Atlit base - base of Shayetet 13
•Ashdod base - mainly a base for Patrol Boats Unit 916
The symbol of the Ashdod base is two opposing arrows 
•Eilat base - Patrol Boats Unit 915
The Eilat base was founded in 1951 and has been in charge of the Red Sea Naval Zone of the Israeli Navy since 1981, when the Red Sea Naval Command Center was withdrawn from Sharm el-Sheikh according to the Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty
The symbol of the Eilat base symbolizes the red roofs of the houses of Eilat
•The Naval Training base - located in Haifa
The submarine operations school, the missile boat operations school, and the naval command school are located in the Naval Training Base
•Mamtam (Hebrew: ממת"ם) - IT, processes and computing
Mamtam is a small unit that is responsible for all communications and computer infrastructure and the IT systems, both logistic and operational, in the Israeli Navy. The soldiers that serve there are mainly programmers and university graduates in engineering, computer science and more technological degrees
The symbol of the Haifa base is an owl - symbolizing wisdom and hard learning
•Naval Shipyards
•The Navy Headquarters - Tel Aviv
 
Forces

The 3rd Flotilla - The Missile Boats Flotilla is based in the port of the city of Haifa
Unit's objectives
•Protecting Israeli commerce at sea against foreign fleets
•Preventing a possible naval blockade of Israeli ports during wartime
•Blockading enemy ports at wartime

 The 7th Flotilla - The Submarine Flotilla is a volunteer elite unit. Founded in 1959
 Unit's objectives
•Israel's underwater attack force
•Attacking enemy craft in their home ports
•Covert information gathering
•Acting as a support unit for other units
 
Naval vessels

Three advanced 1925-ton diesel-electric Dolphin-class submarines commissioned in 1998 and allegedly capable of carrying nuclear-armed Popeye Turbo cruise missiles
On Aug 24, 2006, the Israeli Navy ordered three additional nuclear weapon capable submarines (Type 214 - Dolphin Class) from a German manufacturer, giving it an offensive capability to launch cruise and nuclear weapons, as well as a second strike survivability/relaunch capability. The three additional Dolphin Class subs are expected to be delivered to the Israeli Navy in year 2010

The 13th Flotilla - Naval commando elite special forces and counter terrorist unit

Intelligence
The Corps' relies on its Naval Intelligence Department for sea intelligence
 


 
Corvettes
 
•Saar 5 class missile corvettes
•INS Eilat (501) (1994) - Active
•INS Lahav (502) (Blade, 1994) - Active
•INS Hanit (503) (Spear, 1995) - Active
 
 Missile boats

•Saar 4 class (Reshef class) missile boat - designed and built by Israel Shipyards Ltd. (ISL)
•INS Nitzachon (Victory) (1978) - Active
•INS Atzmaut (Independence)(1979) - Active


Saar 4.5 class (Nirit class) missile boats - designed and built by Israel Shipyards Ltd. (ISL)
•INS Romah (Halberd, 1981) - Active
•INS Keshet (Bow, 1982) - Active
•INS Hetz (Arrow, 1991) - Active
•INS Kidon (Lance, 1995) (Saar 4 class built in 1974 and converted to Saar 4.5 class in 1994) - Active
•INS Tarshish (1995) - Active
•INS Yaffo (Jaffa, 1998) (Saar 4 class built in 1975 and converted to Saar 4.5 class in 1998) - Active
•INS Herev (Sword, 2002) - Active
•INS Sufa (Storm, 2003) - Active

 Patrol Boats
 
•Dabur class patrol boats - 12 built by Sewart Seacraft, the rest by IAI-Ramta - 34 adopted in 1973-77, 15 active, numbers in a 860-920 range
•Super Dvora class fast patrol boats - built by IAI-Ramta
•Dvora - 9 adopted from 1988, 9 active, numbers 811-819
•Super Dvora Mk II - 4 adopted from 1996, 4 active, numbers 820-823
•Super Dvora Mk III - 6 ordered
•Shaldag class fast patrol boats
•Shaldag Mk II - 2 ordered
•Nachshol class patrol boats (Stingray Interceptor-2000) - built by Stingray Marine - 3 adopted (1997-98), 2 active

Support ships

•INS Keshet - cargo ship
•INS Nir - costal tender ship
•INS Nahariya - coastal tender ship
•78-ton tugs - built in Israel



 SUBMARINES

IDF Submarine t-shirt 1017

•Dolphin Class - Type 800 coastal submarines
•INS Dolphin (1999)
•INS Leviathan (1999)
•INS Tekumah (Revival, 2000)
•On August 25, 2006, Israel signed a deal with Germanyto purchase three additional submarines, a deal valued at $1.9 billion, with Germany financing one-third of the total cost 

Commando boats

•Dolphin type underwater crafts
•Maiale (pig) type underwater crafts
•Snunit boats
•Zaharon boats
•Moulit boats
•Morena rigid-hulled inflatable boats


NAHAL Infantry Brigade
 
NACHAL t-shirt 1039

Nahal (Hebrew: נח"ל), a Hebrew acronym for Noar Halutzi Lohem (literally Fighting Pioneer Youth), historically refers to a program for youth of the State of Israel that allows them to combine their compulsory three-year military service with volunteer-type 'civilian' service, such as organizing social welfare projects in neighborhoods and towns suffering from socioeconomic difficulties, acting as counselors for youth organizations, or founding and developing new agricultural settlements

History
 
The history of the Nahal reaches all the way back to the early days of the Jewish state. In 1948, a gar'in (seed) committee sent a letter to Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion requesting that he allow all gar'in members to enlist into military service as a group instead of being split up at random into different units according to the military's needs

A gar'in is essentially a 'cell' of a larger youth movement, such as the Israeli Scouts, usually formed by youths of high school age in order to take part in various public welfare activities. In the years before and slightly after the creation of the State of Israel, gar'inim were mainly involved in settlement, but have expanded their activities to all manner of charitable volunteerism. Gar'inim are usually tightly knit groups, often identified with communist, democratic socialist, or national religious philosophies, and sometimes continue living together on communes for many years after their military service, though this has become less common

In response to the letter, Ben-Gurion created the Nahal program, which allowed the gar'inim to combine their military service with volunteerism. Gar'inei Nahal served together in various army units, most famously in the Nahal Mutznach (Airborne Nahal) battalion of the Paratroopers (Tzanhanim) Brigade, the reserve battalion of which was instrumental in the Israeli victory in the Battle of Jerusalem during the Six Day War(1967). Also, many Nahal-founded settlements are still thriving today in the Galilee, the Negev, and the West Bank (as well as formerly in the Sinai Peninsula and Gaza Strip)

Organization -  Nahal and Youth Command

Today, there are two distinct units carrying on the historical tradition and name of the Nahal. The first is a large, non-combat command belonging to the IDF Education Corps, whose primary responsibility is to organize and coordinate the volunteer-type programs and activities that made the original Nahal unit famous in the 50s, 60s, and 70s. This command has a full staff of educational officers and soldiers, and also sponsors other endeavours such as Gadna, a week-long 'introduction' to the military for high-schoolers in which they become acquainted with the history, traditions, and routines of the military that they are about to join

Also in the Nahal and Youth Command is Lahakat HaNahal (The Nahal Band), a famous military choir/music troupe known for its canonical Eretz Israel songs which have become classics. The band gave birth to many Israeli entertainment talents such as Tuvya Tzafir, Neomy Polani, Gidi Gov and more.

 Nahal Infantry Brigade

Nahal is also the name of one of the Israeli Defence Forces infantry regiments, alongside the Golani Brigade, Givati Brigade, Paratroopers Brigade, and others

The brigade was created in 1982 as a consequence of an increased need for infantry manpower in the IDF, a result of the emerging conflict in southern Lebanon. The name Nahal was given to the brigade because the first battalion attached to it, the 50th, was the Airborne Nahal battalion, transferred over from the Paratroopers brigade (which was compensated with the raising of a new battalion). Two former patrol units, the 931st and the 932nd were also converted into infantry battalions and attached to the new regiment. Today, the 931st and 932nd are both high-quality, regular infantry battalions whose soldiers are drafted from the general population and serve a full three-year combat service. Nahal brigade soldiers are distinguished by their light green berets, which earned them the nickname "sticklights" (Hebrew for glowsticks)

The 50th battalion, on the other hand, currently has a unique makeup. Two thirds of the battalion's companies are made up of gar'inim, who serve one year prior to drafting to the army running programs in lower socio-economic communities, one and a half years training and serving in the IDF in the same manner as other infantry units, one more year participating in community service followed by ten months of combat infantry service. The other one third of the battalion, including the battalion's veteran combat companies, are made of Bnei Meshakim LePikud, nicknamed Mishkonim. The Mishkonim are youths from kibbutzes and moshavs, who, pass a two-day gibush (selection phase) prior to being drafted. After their initial training, they are sent, most often within the first year, to Command Sergeants School. As a continuation of 50th Battalion tradition, they also complete a paratrooper course after their advanced infantry training. The 50th is considered to be the IDF regular infantry battalion with the highest quality manpower, even more than the Paratroopers Brigade, as a result of the selection phase that the soldiers must pass prior to admittance and the fact that nearly 70% of its soldiers are qualified command sergeants, though only a few are picked to actually serve in this regard. The Mishkonim all serve a full three-year service and many continue on to Officer Training School

A fourth Nahal battalion was created in the early 1990s to serve as a special forces detachment for the brigade. Soldiers wishing to serve in this elite battalion must pass a three-day gibush, after which they are dispersed into specialized training programs for each of the three companies that make up the battalion: the Palsar (Reconnaissance Company), which is generally considered to be the most elite company (enjoying the highest budget, longest training cycle, and receiving first pick of the soldiers from the gibush, though the difference in quality between its soldiers and those of the other two companies is negligible), the Palnat (Anti-Tank Company), and the Palhan (Engineering and Explosives Company). The task of the battalion is to serve as a pathfinder force for the regiment, and to conduct special operations in accordance with each company's unique abilities. In the current low intensity conflict, the companies usually act as counter-terrorist forces, raiding terrorist homes and hideouts

Due to the unit's history and the social strata from which it primarily recruits its soldiers, the Nahal brigade has been tagged (unjustifiably) with a leftist-leaning stereotype. Throughout its history, the regiment has struggled with issues of prestige, and is often looked upon as being unproven in combat and of only average soldiering capability. This is in large part due to the fact that it is one of the newer infantry brigades, and has yet to achieve the combat resume of the Golani and Paratroopers units. In an attempt to remedy this, Nahal commanders in recent years have begun aggressively lobbying for more high-risk deployments, as they have seen that such deployments not only remove the stigma from new units, but also drastically improve their combat skills. Still, despite high performance scores by the brigade's 50th Battalion and special forces units, the Nahal still consistently ranks only third or fourth in the yearly Officer's School scores, sports competitions, and combat games Nevertheless, for the past three years the Nahal has been the most highly requested infantry placement among new recruits

Units

(Nahal units are named after types of rock.)

•50th "Basalt" Airborne Battalion
•931st "Shoham" Infantry Battalion
•932nd "Granite" Infantry Battalion
•"Topaz" Special Troops Battalion
•"Gazit" Anti-Tank Company
•"Sapphire" Engineer Company
•374th "Flint" Reconnaissance Company
•Scouts & Sniper Company
•"Agate" Signal Company

 Other Units

These units were at one point or another loosely associated with the Nahal but are now independent in their organizational command

•Caracal Battalion: A light infantry battalion in which male and female soldiers serve together (the first and only IDF infantry unit to allow this). Currently assigned to low-profile security missions on the borders with Egypt and Jordan.
•Netzah Yehuda Battalion (popularly called Nahal Haredi) - the unit for Haredi Jews. This unit was created as an attempt by the IDF to reach out to the ultra-religious community and persuade them to serve in the military (most Ultra-Orthodox Israelis are exempt from military service). Nahal Haredi, which has recently changed its name to Netzah Yehuda, combines regular infantry service with religious elements and allows Orthodox Israeli youth to complete their service in an ideal religious environment (special kosher food, religious instruction, etc.). Currently belongs to the Kfir Brigade



ISRAELI POLICE


The Israel Police (Hebrew: משטרת ישראל‎, Mishteret Yisrael) is a civilian force in the State of Israel. As with most other police forces in the world, its duties include crime fighting, traffic control and maintaining public safety. It is under the jurisdiction of the Internal Security ministry
The Israeli Police is a professional force, with some 30,000 officers on payroll. There are also some 70,000 Civil Guard (Ma'shaz) volunteers who contribute time to assist officers in their own communities

The police is divided into the following main divisional groups

 Headquarter units

•International Relations
•Legal Counsel
•Immigration Control
•Audit & Accounts
•Economic Crimes
•Public Complaints
•Disciplinary Court
•Service Administration
•Safety
•Appeals
•Controller
•Spokesperson

 Departments

•Human Resources
•Investigation & Intelligence
•Logistic Support
•Organization & Planning
•Traffic
•Patrol & Security
•Community & Civil Guard

 Regional districts
 
•Central District
•Southern District
•Northern District
•Judea & Samaria District
•Tel Aviv District
•Jerusalem District

 Operational units
 
•The Border Police ("MAGAV") is the combat arm of the police and mainly serves in unquiet areas - the borders, the West Bank, and the rural countryside. The Border Police has both professional officers on payroll and conscripts, serving 3 mandatory years in the Border Police instead of in the Israeli Defence Forces - IDF
•The Yamam is the police elite counter terror hostage rescue unit. It is known as one of the most experienced and specialized in the world. The unit has taken part in hundreds of operations in and outside the borders of Israel
•The Yassam (Special Patrol Unit) is the on-call counter-terror unit in each district. The units, originally started as Riot Police, were called upon to assist with counter-terror operations. It has gained a reputation of being the most elite force on call and ready at any time. The Yassam has sub-units of Rapid Response Motorcycle Units

 Weapons and gear

Israeli police officers are obliged to carry personal firearms while on duty. This is because the Israeli police duties include also counter terror and each police officer must be able to supply an emergency reaction in case of terrorist attack. Another reason is that there are threats of kidnapping officers by Palestinian terrorist groups such as Hamas or Fatah's Tanzim

Each policeman is armed with a pistol (handgun) which he or she usually also carries at while off-duty. Also, each patrol car must have at least one long-arm. Police volunteers are usually armed with an M1 Carabine, which they return to the police's armory after they finish their duty (they do not take the rifle home, but may sign one out for escorting field trips, etc.). Volunteers who have a gun license may use their own personal handgun as personal defence weapon for their police duty, under the condition that the gun and ammunition type is authorized by the police (9 mm). Common pistols owned and carried by volunteers include Glock and CZ-75 designs

Heavy armaments such as assault rifles, sniper rifles and non-lethal weapons are assigned according to activity and not on personal basis

Border policemen, however, carry an M16 assault rifle as a standard personal weapon and can carry it home while off-duty like regular infantry in the Israel Defense Forces.